Skip to main content

Beginnings: Uptown HARLEM and Downtown Dance History Connections! With Sandra Cameron and Larry Schulz - Part 1

While visiting Queen of Swing Ms. Norma Miller months back she stated: “You should talk to Larry – if it wasn’t for him this thing wouldn’t have happened”...

She is right: This Lindy Hop/Swing thing wouldn’t be where it is – at least in NYC.  But the beginnings are a little more “complicated” than that.  Why? Because there are all different sides and opinions out there…  in print and articles written up… some partial and some accurate to the T.  And its obvious certain people are not talking to each other and/or are trying to leave key people out of the history just enough to let them “fade away”…

Choppin’ it Up

We have talked to Larry Schulz before numerous times but now we want to get to some nitty gritty and yet fun aspects that folks need to know about.  So lets start at the beginning…  because they are the beginning of the DOWNTOWN revival.

Who is they?  Larry Schulz and Sandra Cameron. This time with the both of them chatting together was quite a treat! Sandra opened her dance studio in 1980 and offered a variety of dances.  Larry learned Lindy Hop as a kid. They both liked the dance but there was nowhere to go dancing downtown. Eventually they were in touch with a Dance Historian who told them they should go uptown to one of the Mama Lu Parks’ Harvest Moon Ball competitions to see the social dancing (Folks social danced during the intermissions of the contest).

They were aware they were going to see Al Minns, but seeing the contest with all of the fast dancing was “too much” for them to take all in. But it was exciting!  When it came part for the social dancing part it was mostly older folks (the younger were in the contest).

When the social dancing began it was within a small amount of time that they noticed a gentleman on the floor…. and according to their eyewitness account he stood out  and they were blown away….

That person was Al Minns.  This was in 1981.

A Little Q & A

  How did Al Minns come to teach downtown with your studio? We persuaded him to teach downtown; we had no one and what he was doing was exactly what we wanted.  He was puzzled and a bit surprised; he said “No one wants this anymore…”

   What was different about how he taught? When he taught he never counted – he danced to the beat of the music.  His body was totally connected to the music and was very exciting to see... it was so extraordinary

   So what was done to remedy his style – or make it “simpler”?  Sandra codified his movements into counts so the students – mainly white - could understand.  If I didn’t patiently break it down and do that the students would have been lost because it was so difficult for them to understand the beat

   Was Al offended, perhaps feeling like you had watered it down?  Al liked the count breakdown – but he never did it.  He taught his way in his classes, and he was happy that it worked for them to get it when it was taught by others in the studio.

   So tell me about the 4 pasty white guys that visited the studio one day… When the Swedes came to NYC in 1984 they came to see Al Minns and take lessons with him.  They didn’t ask for anyone else.  We were shocked and later found out they had a hold of video clips of Whitey’s Lindy Hoppers (mainly Hellzapoppin) and had the steps down! This was before Facebook and the world-wide web, so word of mouth and/or some serious diligence and desire made them travel half way around the world to meet Al.        

  How strong was the impact and “re-discovery” of Al Minns? Both Larry and Sandra agree that Al Minns and his influence was the beginning of the downtown dance scene that was revived.  And that spiraled afterwards.  

It is a sad shame that Al did not live to see the fruits of  his influence… but thankfully film and interviews exist of him in action...  having a revival of his own...

And thankfully Sandra and Larry have a plethora of artifacts and materials that are priceless and tell the early NYC history of the revival – once more – downtown.  But it connects to Harlem too, telling a story indirectly of a sort of non-appreciation on a level.

By means of this stunning collection we learn some more about Al Minns – and then in succession about Sugar Sullivan and Frankie Manning’s beginnings back on the escalating downtown scene.  All of these figures came from or represented Harlem both at the Savoy Ballroom and at the Harvest Moon Ball - and have a connection to Sandra Cameron and Larry Schulz.  This will be discussed in another post.

Interestingly Al stated back in the 80’s that “No one wants this anymore”.  Obviously he was talking of Harlem, or uptown.  And we believe he was talking about it being done socially (note Mama Lu Parks had them performing for the most part).  That’s one of the reasons why The Harlem Swing Dance Society (THSDS) was established; this along with a few folks’ efforts prior during the 80’s and 90’s to try to flip the script was critical.  Especially when the popularity increased and it became featured articles in newspapers and on TV News Stories.  This is where Larry used his expertise as he worked for NBC back then – and thankfully put word out.

So again the dance never died in Harlem.  There were smaller spots and other places folks danced socially at venues (Willies, Wells, Smalls Paradise).  Yet it certainly and eventually died down! 

But you have to hand it to “downtown” at the time, because people – younger white people - did come uptown to Harlem social dance.  Then eventually, as this article shows (circa 1990), they got their own spots started downtown:    Its an example that people can learn from.

So: Can the uptown so called “curse” be reversed? There is potential and promise but it will take a few factors against the onslaught of marketing, propaganda and perks downtown has been offering and luring folks with for years.  And some sabotage currently being done in Harlem.

Please note that we are not demeaning downtown events or want to appear to be “blaming” them for the shape Harlem is in with their dance culture.  No indeed. Whoever dropped the ball or legacy in Harlem – and there were many back then – most of them are not with us now.   So the upcoming results of clean-up jobs and techniques to get Harlem back into their famed dance more so - and if they’ll succeed - remains to be seen.  But for THSDS our efforts are all worth it – and rewarding.  Yes, it has its perks for us   :>)

STAY TUNED:  More with Larry and Sandra and their vital history in another post – Yeah Baby this Pow Wow session is just getting started!



Popular posts from this blog

93rd Anniversary! Harlem's Savoy Balloom's Legacy and Impact

The legendary Savoy Ballroom was a large ballroom for music and public dancing located at 596 Lenox Avenue, between 140th and 141st Streets in  Harlem . The Savoy was the one ballroom in the area to be called the "World's Finest Ballroom".  The ballroom was 10,000 square feet in size, was on the second floor and a block long. It could hold up to 4,000 people. The interior was painted pink and the walls were mirrored. Colored lights danced on the sprung layered wood floor. It contained a spacious lobby framing a huge, cut-glass chandelier and marble staircase. 

It was in operation from March 12, 1926 to July 10, 1958, and owned by white entrepreneur Jay Faggen with Jewish businessman Moe Gale (or gangster, as our dear old friend who worked there Charles Dorkins told us). It was managed by African-American business man and civic leader Charles Buchanan (who was also secretary and treasurer).

The ballroom was modeled after Faggen's downtown venue, Roseland Ballroom (a mos…

Black History Month 2019: Harlem's Famed Lindy Hop Dance History and its History Makers

The last day of the month: However for Harlem's rich history Black History Month  is really year round and quite bountiful.  When it comes to Harlem's signature cultural dance of the Lindy Hop the history and its History Makers there are many and their contributions priceless.

Within the last 9 months or so in NYC there have been efforts to talk of this rich history in both the downtown area and uptown in Harlem.  As a quick overview and musing we'll examine a few of these a bit to show the importance of getting history straight - or accurate.

June 2018

Just a few days before NYC's Mid Summer Night Swing event opened - our BEST outdoor dance party! - there was a free panel discussion on "The History of Lindy Hop".  It was moderated by Zita Allen, a Dance critic, author, and professor...and it was to trace the evolution of Lindy hop from its Harlem Renaissance roots to its modern-day revival.  Here is a video of what happened here…

Class Act: Take note of our lead Dance Instructor in Harlem - Rafal!

"He's the teacher?!   I don't want that White Boy teaching me anything!"

"He's not teaching me my dance!"
And with that they - some African Americans/ Black people -  do an about face and march out of the dance classroom...

Harlem and Harlemites (aw heck Black folks!) can be a challenge - and that race card goes both ways a whole lot.  With that bad word "gentrification" and the bullying tactics in the area it can have some of the locals thinking EVERYTHING is being taken/stolen away from them.  So when some folks  - Black and White - see The Harlem Swing Dance Society's main teacher Rafal Pustelny he definitely generates all kinds of reactions. 
SSSSSSSSSssssshhhhh.... Most times he is unaware of it ....  ;>)

Oh but what they miss out on! Rafal Pustelny has built up quite a resume from the days we met him sometime back when he proudly spoke of "Boogie Woogie" influences. That love took him to Harlem's famed L…